The United States Involvement In The War In Vietnam Essay examples
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The United States Involvement In The War In Vietnam
There were many reasons why the US became increasingly involved in the Vietnam War, and when all linked together they explain why. In this essay I will explain all aspects of why the US got involved and then I will summarise all the points at the end.
Since the 1880’s, France had controlled an area of eastern Asia called Indo-China, which consisted of Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam. In 1940, France was at war with Germany and was losing disastrously. This meant that Vietnam was left vulnerable as France was given funding by America to protect Vietnam. Japan, who were Germany’s allies, then took over. They established control over Vietnam with a…show more content…
It stated that
· The USA was not going to allow any more countries to turn communist.
· The USA was going to ‘contain’ the expansion of communism.
The Truman Doctrine was a political attack on communism made by the American President. He wanted to stop the spread of communism and its influence on the other countries, and needed allies for this cause.
The policy of containment was stopping communism from spreading from one country to the surrounding area.
As it turned out, 1949 was a bad year for the US in the Cold War; to top it all off, the USSR exploded an atomic bomb in the Pacific Ocean. The US became scared that they were no longer the only country with nuclear power and therefore could be under threat of a nuclear attack.
The Korean War affected the situation too. North Korea was communist and South Korea was capitalist. North Korea invaded South Korea and the Americans were scared that Vietnam would be the next target of communism. So they helped South Korea in the war, by giving money and aid.
When communist China began to support the Vietminh and Ho Chi Minh into making Vietnam communist, the USA put $500 million a year into the French war attempt against the Chinese and to try to gain control in Vietnam. The United States also helped the French to set up a non-communist government in the south of
Why Did The United States Get Involved In The Vietnam War?
Why did the United States get involved in the Vietnam War? Explain what factors led American policymakers down the path towards war, and cite specific examples of critical events that reflected these factors.
There was no specific factor that led the united states into getting involved in the Vietnam war, but rather a gradual series of events and decisions which would lead them down such a path. The initial reasons for U.S. involvement in Vietnam seemed logical and compelling to American leaders. From Washington's perspective, by the end of World War II the principal threat to U.S. security and world peace was Stalin's dictatorship and the influence and spread of communism which was emanating from the Soviet Union. Any communist anywhere, in the United States or anywhere else, was, by definition, an enemy of the United States. Drawing an analogy with the unsuccessful appeasement of fascist dictators before World War II, the Truman administration believed that any sign of communist aggression must be met quickly and forcefully by the United States and its allies. This reactive policy was known as containment.
Ho Chi Minh and the Vietminh front that he had created in 1941, had become the target of containment in Vietnam. Ho was a communist, as were his chief lieutenants and they had long-standing connections to the Soviet Union. They were also passionate Vietnamese nationalists who fought to rid their country, first of the Japanese and then, after World War II ended in 1945, to prevent France from re-gaining its former colonial status over Vietnam and the rest of Indochina. Harry S Truman and other American leaders, having no sympathy for French colonialism, favoured Vietnamese independence. However, in eastern Europe, expanding communist control and the victory of the communists in China's civil war made France's war against Ho Chi Minh seem an effort to stop the spread of communism rather than a colonialist effort. The United States decided to support the French position in Vietnam when France agreed to a partially-independent Vietnam under Emperor Bao Dai as an alternative to Ho Chi Minh. This began a long steady rise in American involvement which would see the united states get more directly involved in the years to come.
The United States saw Vietnam as a Cold War battleground. They largely ignored the struggle for social justice and national sovereignty occurring within Vietnam. American attention focused primarily on Europe at the time. Aid to France in Indochina was offered in return for French cooperation with America's plans for the defence of Europe through the NATO. In 1949 China became a communist state. Japan became a huge importance to Washington, and Japanese development required access to the markets and raw materials of Southeast Asia. The outbreak of war in Korea in 1950 served primarily to confirm Washington's belief that communist...
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