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Umanitoba Faculty Of Education Application Essay

Français Juridique — FAQ

What level of French is required to be successful in the program?
This program does not require an advanced or perfect level of French. We understand that French gets rusty for anyone who doesn’t have the chance to use it in their day-to-day lives, and our goal is to give students the chance to refresh and develop their pre-existing French language capacities while learning French legal terminology.

Is the course work different in French version?
The course work is identical in both the English and French course.

Is the program’s focus predominantly oral or written French?
The program will focus on both speaking and writing, as the ultimate goal is to produce lawyers who can practice in both official languages. However, at the beginning of the year, assigned work will be primarily written; this gives you some time to refresh yourself before the final oral advocacy exercise in legal methods (see below).

Where can I find more information about the first year courses that will be offered in French?
The links below provide a description of the regular courses, the additional notes refer specifically to the French versions:


The French version of Legal Methods will be the same, however you will be drafting your memo and other documents and conducting your final oral advocacy exercise in French (this is done with a partner). While the large group will likely still be taught in English, a French lawyer from the community will teach the small-group seminar.


The first term of Legal System will consist of a series of lectures. You are asked to write several reflective journal entries on topics relating to these lectures. In the French version of Legal Systems, you will be asked to complete your journal entries in French.

In the second term of Legal System, students get the opportunity to shadow both a Provincial Court judge and a judge from the Court of Queen’s Bench. For students in the French program, these will be French judges. Students are asked to complete an essay based on their judge shadowing experience, and this would also be completed in French.

Are there French tutors available?
While the Faculty does not have a French tutoring system, there would certainly be resources available on campus. However, the program strives to accommodate students who may not have used French recently, therefore it is unlikely a tutor would be required.

The first year courses are pass/fail, what does that mean?
The way pass/fail courses work is that you are not given a letter grade on assignments or in the course. You either pass an assignment or you don’t. You have to pass all of your assignments to complete the course. If you fail an assignment, you have a chance to resubmit the assignment. These courses are not difficult to pass. As long as you complete your assignments and put some degree of effort into them, it is very difficult to fail. No one in recent years has failed these courses and they do not constitute a particularly heavy workload.

What effect does taking the first year French courses have on my degree path?
Taking Legal Methods and Legal Systems in French first year will have no effect on your degree path. After first year, if you feel as though you do not want to take any additional French courses, you certainly do not have to.

If I take the French program, will I have a learning gap when it comes to specific phrases or terminology in English?
When you learn the French terminology, you will also be learning their English counterparts and learning the concepts. If anything, learning both the French and the English terminology will enrich your understanding of the subject matter.

What French courses are offered in 2nd and 3rd year?
In second or third year, you will have the opportunity to take FrançaisJuridique and/or a Language Rights course, which we plan to start offering Winter 2013. There is also a potential opportunity to take courses outside the Faculty, such as a Legal Philosophy course that is offered in French through the Université de Saint-Boniface. The upper year courses are graded courses. We are continuously working to develop the program, however we hope to also offer an exchange program in the near future. We will certainly keep all students up to date on the progress and new opportunities as they become available, however a great deal depends on the interest exhibited by you and your incoming classmates.

Richard Jochelson: Research Contributions 2009-2016

Refereed Contributions


Edited Volumes
Visualizing Justice: Critical Perspectives on Visibility, Law, and Order. Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research. Volume 5. 2016 (Jochelson et al).

Thinking about Justice (2012), Fernwood Books (Equally co-edited with Kelly Gorkoff)

Authored Books

Criminal Law and Precrime: Legal Studies in Punishment and Surveillance in Anticipation of Criminal Guilt. (Jochelson et al) Routledge. 2017.

The Disappearance of Criminal Law: Police Powers and the Supreme Court. 2015. Fernwood Books (Jochelson et al)

Sex and the Supreme Court: Obscenity and Indecency Laws in Canada, (2011), Fernwood Books (Equally coauthored with Kirsten Kramar)

Accepted and in Press Refereed Journal Articles and Reviews

Legal Texts and ‘Bestial’ Acts: Shifting Legal Meanings of ‘Bestiality’ within Canadian Judicial
Decisions 2016. Volume 6 (James Gacek Equal Co-Author). Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research

The Jury Representativeness Guarantee in Canada: The Curious Case of Disability and Justice Making. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health. (R. Jochelson, M. Bertrand, L. Menzie) 2017. Volume SE3.

Book Review of Policing in Israel: Studying Crime Control, Community Policing and Counterterrorism. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal. 2017.

Measuring Activism and Restraint or How to Conflate Doctrine with Activism – A Response to Professor Riddell’s Small Scale Judicial Output Study. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 2016. 58:1. 112. (1st author with second author, Melanie Murchison)

An Empirical Analysis of 5 Years After Grant. Criminal Law Quarterly. 2015. Volume 63. 200. (Jochelson et al).

An Empirical Comparison of the Exclusion of Evidence Pre/Post 9/11: A Model of Judicial Discourse. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2015 vol. 57, no. 1. 115 (equally coauthored with Melanie Murchison)

Let Law Be Law, and Let us Critique: Teaching Law to Undergraduate Students of Criminal Justice. Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research. 2015. Volume 234.

Revisiting Representativeness in the Manitoban Criminal Jury. Underneath the Golden Boy- Manitoba Law Journal. 2015. 37 (2). 365 (Equally co-authored with M. Bertrand, and et. al.)

Situating Exclusion of Evidence Analysis in Its Socio-Legal Place: A Tale of Judicial Populism. Crime, Law and Social Change, 2014. Vol. 61, No. 5. 541. (Equally coauthored with Kirsten Kramar)

Searching and Seizing After 9/11 – Developing and Applying Empirical Methodology to Measure Judicial Output in the Supreme Court’s Section 8 Jurisprudence Dalhousie Law Journal 2012. 35(1) 179 (1st author with coauthors Michael Weinrath and Melanie Murchison)

Mitigating the Protective Services Orientation in Criminal Justice: An Opening Salvo at the University of Winnipeg, Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2013 55(1). 1 (Equally coauthored with Steven Kohm)

Essentialism Makes for Strange Bedmates: The Supreme Court Case of J.A. and the Intervention of LEAF. Windsor Yearbook Access to Justice. 2012. 30(1). 77 (first author, with Kirsten Kramar)

Ancillary Issues with Oakes: The Development of the Waterfield Test and the Problem of Fundamental Constitutional Theory. Ottawa Law Review/ 2013. Vol. 43, No. 3. 355 (sole author)

Governing through Precaution to Protect Equality and Freedom: Obscenity and Indecency Law in Canada after R. v. Labaye Canadian Journal of Sociology. 2012. 36:4. 283 (equally coauthored with Kirsten Kramar)

Multidimensional Analysis of Judicial Decision-Making: Reframing Judicial Activism as the Study of Judicial Discourse (or taking the judgment out of the Judgment). Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research. 2011. Volume 2. 122.

Practicing Justice by Practicing Method: A Brief Rethinking of Feminist Analytics of Obscenity and Indecency Law in Canada. Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research. 2010. Volume 1. 26. (1st author, with Kirsten Kramar)

Multidimensional Analysis as a Window into Activism Scholarship: Searching for Meaning with Sniffer Dogs Canadian Journal of Law and Society. 2010 24:2, 231 (sole author).

Trashcans and Constitutional Custodians: The Liminal Spaces of Privacy in the Wake of Patrick (2009) Saskatchewan Law Review Volume 72 165-188 (sole author)

After Labaye: The Harm Test of Obscenity, the New Judicial Vacuum and the Relevance of Familiar Voices (2009) Alberta Law Review 46:3 1-26 (sole author)

R. v. Labaye: The Fogginess of “Increased” Causality in Obscenity Law (2009) Law Review Supplement February Edition Alberta 1-10 (sole author)

Crossing the Rubicon – of sniffer dogs, justifications and preemptive deference, (2009) Review of Constitutional Studies 13:2 67-98 (sole author)

Refereed Contributions/Chapters/Journal Introductory Chapters
The Supreme Court of Canada Presents: The Surveillant Charter in “National Security, Surveillance, and Emergencies: Canadian and Australian Sovereignty Compared”. Lippert, R. et al. Editors. Palgrave-MacMillan Press. 2017 (with second author Mark Doerksen)

Justice Making: Scrutinizing Canada’s Jury Representativeness Guarantees while Ameliorating Stewart and Russell’s Conceptions of “Social Wreckage” in Canadians with Disabilities in Disability Politics in a Global Economy: Essays in Honour of Marta Russell. Malhotra, R. Editor. Routledge. 2017. 42 (with second author M. Bertrand)

A History of Settlement Ten Years Later – Revisiting Cronenberg’s A History of Violence. Screening Justice. Fernwood Books. 2017. (Greenhill and Kohm editors)

An Addendum on Bedford: Sex and the Supreme Court- Obscenity and Indecency Law in Canada. Sex and the Supreme Court. Fernwood Books. 2014. ISBN: 9781552664155.

Educating Justice: Postsecondary Education in the Justice Disciplines. Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research. Volume 4. 2015 (First author Steven Kohm; Kelly Gorkoff, Richard Jochelson, and Kevin Walby). ISSN 1925-2420.

After Bedford: Recent Developments in Sex and the Law. Sociology in Our Times. Seventh Canadian Edition. Lothian-Murray et. al. 2016.Nelson Education.

Recent Developments in Sex and the Law: Recent Developments: Feminist Law Reform and Sexual Assault. Sociology in Our Times. Sixth Canadian Edition. Lothian-Murray et. al. 2014. Nelson Education. ISBN-10: 0176648747 ISBN-13: 9780176648749

Adopting the Governmentality Approach Obscenity and Indecency: Tracking Harm Through Discourse of the Supreme Court of Canada. “Locating Law “Race/Class/Gender/Sexuality Connections, 3rd Edition. Elizabeth Comack, 2014, Fernwood Books (equal coauthor with Kirsten Kramar)

Talking Trash with the Supreme Court of Canada: The Reasonable Expectation of Privacy under the Charter. “Criminology: Critical Canadian Perspectives”, Kirsten Kramar Ed., (2010) Pearson Canada (sole author)

In Progress:
Assessing Judicial Charges and Juror Comprehension. Data being collected. (R. Jochelson, M. Bertrand).

Ruff Justice: Canine Cases and Judicial Law Making as an Instrument of Change to Animal Law. (Jochelson and Gacek). Contract signed. Animal Law Review. 2017/8.

Assessing Attitudes About Sex Work After Parliament’s Response to Bedford (L. Laidlaw, R. Jochelson, M. Bertrand). Prospective Submission to: Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice

‘Animal Justice’ and Sexual (Ab)use: Precautionary Governance of Bestiality in Canada. (James Gacek Equal Co-Author). Prospective Submission to MB Law Journal

University “Consensual” Sex Policies – Contributions to Rape Culture Courtesy of University and Faculty Associations in Canada in Rape Culture on Canadian University Campuses. With Gacek, Ireland and Laidlaw. Neuland et al editors. Press TBA. In progress.

Sexual Regulation and the Law: a Canadian Perspective. (Jochelson, Gacek). Demeter Press. Contract signed.

Landmarks Lost: Hunter v Southam and the Drift from Privacy Protections in Canada’s Criminal Law with D. Ireland to UBC Press. Contract signed.


Visit for access to the following:

Marta Russell’s Influential in Critique of Criminal Justice Institutions. August 29, 2016.

NeoHuman with Agah Bahari: Podcast Episode 21 @robsoncrim. Oct 2, 2016.

Canada’s Inscrutable Jury Research: Do Canadian Juries Understand Judicial Charges? (Jochelson, Bertrand). October 3, 2016.

Trumping Hate: Reflections on the USA Election 2016 – Return of the Reasoned Left? November 17, 2016.

Intimate Images and the Tyranny of Modern Love/Abuse. January 9, 2017.

Exigence – How Roaches Led to Clarity in the Paterson case. March 24, 2017.

Women and the Law – a statistical tale of many cities. June 12, 2017.

Thank You Student Bloggers. Released. May 25, 2017

Spring Newsletter Released. May 7, 2017.

Late Winter Newsletter Released. March 6, 2017

And We’re Back…Bringing in the New Year. Released January 6, 2017.

December Newsletter Released. December 5 2016.

Mid-November Newsletter. November 15, 2016.

September 2016 Newsletter. October 1, 2016.

August Newsletter Released. September 1, 2016.

Papers Presented and Other Presentations

Other Refereed Contributions (Conferences)
May 2017. (R)Critical Perspectives in Criminology. Ottawa. Paper Title: Landmarks Lost – Retracing Hunter v Southam (with D. Ireland)

November 2016: (R)“Faculty and Consensual Non-Platonic Relationships with Students – a Labour Law Perspective”. Canadian Association of University Teachers Western Regionals Conference. Royal Fairmont. Winnipeg, MB

November 2016: (R)“Marta Russell and Disability: Jury Work” at Book Launch Event for Disability Politics in a Global Economy, University of Ottawa Law School

June 2016: (R) Law and Society Association Annual Meeting. New Orleans; Paper Title: Disability and Jury Work in Canada. (with M. Bertrand)

June 2015: (R) Society for Disability Studies, Atlanta, G; Paper Title: Empirical Jury Studies and Marta Russell

June 2015: (R) Critical Perspectives in Criminology Conference, Ottawa, ON; Paper Title: The Surveillant Charter

June 2014:(R) Canadian Law and Society Association Conference, Winnipeg; Paper = Title: A History of Violence – Cronenberg and Colonialism; Paper Title: An Empirical Study of Jury Representation in Manitoba

May 2014: (R) Centre for Interdisciplinary Justice Studies: Educating Justice, University of Winnipeg Paper Title: Teaching Criminal Justice in Non Law Programs

June 2013: (R) Canadian Law and Society Association Conference, Vancouver, B.C. Paper; Title: An Empirical Study of Crime Severity

June 2012: (R) Joint Law and Society Association Conference, Oahu, Hawaii; Paper Title: Reviewing the findings: Unpacking a Multidimensional Analysis of Judicial Activism (with M. Murchison); Paper Title: Retracing the Obscenity and Indecency Jurisprudence in Canada (with K. Kramar)

February 2012: (R) Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeting, New York, New York Paper Title: Realizing a Judicial Activism Methodology with (M. Weinrath, and M. Murchison); Paper Title: The Corporatization of Justice in the Academy (with Steven Kohm)

May 2011: (R) Centre for Interdisciplinary Justice Studies: Questioning Justice in Interdisciplinary Times, University of Winnipeg; Paper Title: Rethinking Obscenity and Indecency Law in Canada Through Socio-Legal Lenses

February 2011: (R) Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada; Paper Title: Developing a Multidimensional Account of Judicial Analyitics (with M. Weinrath, delivered by M. Weinrath)

June 2010 (R) Congress 2010, Canadian Law and Society Association, Concordia, Montreal; Paper Title: The Labaye Harm Technology: Old Functionalism in Neo-Liberal Attire (equal co-author with Dr. Kirsten Kramar); (R)  Paper Title: Critical Methodologies and Swinging Sexuality – Describing the Harm Principle of Obscenity and Indecency in Canada (equal co-author with Dr. Kirsten Kramar)

May 2010: (R)  Centre for Interdisciplinary Justice Studies: Practicing Justice Conference, University of Winnipeg;Paper Title: The Labaye Court: Constituting Faux Harm in Service of Indecency (equal co-author with Dr. Kirsten Kramar)

February 2010: (R) Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences Annual Meeting, San Diego, California; Paper Title: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Justice: Some Canadian Reflections

May 2009: (R)  Congress 2009, Canadian Law and Society Association, Carleton University, Ottawa; Paper Title: In the Wake of Labaye: Community Standards of Harm – Progress or Futility?

April 2009: (R)  “Theorizing Justice” Conference,  University of Winnipeg; Paper Title: Multidimensional Analysis of Judicial Activism