...Statutory rape can sometimes be an unjust law because of the age concept, gender differences and rationality of the individual. Statutory rape is a non-forcible sexual intercourse with a person who is younger than the age of consent. The Age of Consent is the age at which a person is deemed by Massachusetts law to be capable of consenting to, and engaging in, sexual acts. In This Commonwealth, statutory rape is outlawed by Massachusetts General Law Chapter 265: Section 23 (Rape and Abuse of a Child): This law is based on the premise that until a person reaches the age of maturity, that person is legally incapable of consenting to sexual intercourse therefore anyone who engages in sexual activity of any type with a partner under the applicable Age of Consent is breaking the law. He or she can be charged with statutory rape or any other crimes ranging from a misdemeanor to a felony depending on the jurisdiction in which they are prosecuted. The age of consent ranges from 14 to 18 years of age, although in more than half of the states -including Massachusetts - the age of consent is 16. The primary intention of statutory rape laws is to protect teenage girls and, recently, boys as well, from being sexually preyed upon by adults. By design, the laws are meant to deter and punish adults who have sex with minors. By definition, these laws are targeting non-forcible sexual activity Some states and counties are generally not pursuing teenage "lovers" who are close in age.......
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...Lesson Guide The Research Process In writing a research paper, you will use the skills you have already learned, such as summary, analysis, and synthesis. You will go beyond the readings in the text, however, to add breadth and depth to your paper. Depending on your topic, you might use library research for traditional sources, online research for Internet sources, field research, or a combination of the three. Each topic chapter provides a list of Research Activities at the end. These suggestions will guide you to source material outside the textbook and provide ideas for research papers. Additionally, make use of the topic chapter links provided on this Companion Website to find more readings on each subject. What follows is a list of the steps you will take in planning and writing a paper. Remember that writing is a recursive process; you will not necessarily follow these steps in this order, and you may find yourself backtracking and looping. Find a Subject. If a subject is not assigned to you, decide what subject you are going to research and write about. Your text provides you with a wealth of ideas to start with. Use it as a springboard for discovering ideas. Develop a Research Question. Formulate an important question that you would like to answer through your research. This helps you narrow and focus your topic. The answer to the research question will become your thesis statement. Conduct Preliminary Research. To help you narrow your topic further and to find......
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Statutory Rape Research Paper
...government, the peak has officially been reached when the laws of statutory rape came abroad. Statutory rape being the broad term of what society and the government consider a “legal sex age” and those who dare to disobey them will be punished and scared for the rest of their life. I personally see certain aspects Statutory Rape laws as an illogical and unethical way of the government trying to control what they consider to be right, I do in a great part agree with certain aspects of the so called Statutory Rape laws. The term “statutory rape” is used when the government considers people under a certain age to be unable to give consent to sex and therefore consider sexual contact with them to be a rape. The age at which individuals are considered to give consent is called the age of consent. The age of consent can range from thirteen to twenty-one, depending on the limits set by each state in accordance with local standards of morality. Even sex that violates the age-of-consent laws but is neither violent nor physically forced is described as statutory rape. In most jurisdictions, the expressions “under-age sex” or “sex with a minor” are more commonly used. After many years of prosecuting statutory rape laws, some people are being to question whether or not these laws when concerning non-violent “sex with a minor” are actually appropriate and effective in protecting the rights of minors. The people who support statutory rape laws would argue that in any relationship where......
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...Quezon City Polytechnic University Batasan Satellite Campus Batasan Hills, Quezon City Research Paper in Symbolic Logic HOMOSEXUALITIES Submitted by Joann E. Buenavente Submitted to Prof. Fabian Avila I. Introduction Homosexuality Homosexuality is romantic or sexual attraction or behavior between members of the same sex or gender. As an orientation, homosexuality refers to "an enduring pattern of or disposition to experience sexual, affectionate, or romantic attractions" primarily or exclusively to people of the same sex; "it also refers to an individual's sense of personal and social identity based on those attractions, behaviors expressing them, and membership in a community of others who share them." Homosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexual orientation, along with bisexuality and heterosexuality, within the heterosexual-homosexual continuum (with asexuality sometimes considered a fourth). Scientific and medical understanding is that sexual orientation is not a choice, but rather a complex interplay of biological and environmental factors, especially with regard to early uterine environment. While there are those who still hold the view that homosexual activity is "unnatural" or "dysfunctional", research has shown that homosexuality is an example of natural variation in human sexuality and is not in and of itself a source of negative psychological effects. Prejudice and discrimination against homosexual and bisexual......
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...Transport policy in 2011: a new direction? RESEARCH PAPER 11/22 2 March 2011 This paper outlines the changes made to transport policy by the Conservative-Liberal Democrat Coalition Government and looks at some of the long term transport challenges the government is likely to face over the course of this Parliament. It complements and updates House of Commons research paper 10/28, Transport policy in 2010: a rough guide. Louise Butcher Matthew Keep Recent Research Papers 11/05 Social Indicators 18.01.11 11/06 Scotland Bill [Bill 115 of 2010-11] 19.01.11 11/07 Estates of Deceased Persons (Forfeiture Rule and Law of 19.01.11 Succession) Bill [Bill 8 of 2010-11] 11/08 Unemployment by Constituency, January 2011 19.01.11 11/09 Fixed-term Parliaments Bill: Commons Stages 21.01.11 11/10 UK Defence and Security Policy: A New Approach? 21.01.11 11/11 Health and Social Care Bill [Bill 132 of 2010-11] 27.01.11 11/12 Economic Indicators, February 2011 01.02.11 11/13 Anonymity (Arrested Persons) Bill [Bill 9 of 2010-11] 02.02.11 11/14 Education Bill [Bill 137 of 2010-11] 03.02.11 11/15 Budget Responsibility and National Audit Bill [HL] 08.02.11 [Bill 143 of 2010-11] 11/16 The Local Government Finance Settlement 2011-13 08.02.11 11/17 Legislation (Territorial Extent) Bill [Bill 10 of 2010-11] 08.02.11 11/18 Wash-up......
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Criminal Justice Rape Research Paper
...Incidents of Rape in Connecticut BY: Jason CLASS: CJ3375DL 10T4 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. GOAL STATEMENT, VARIABLES, QUESTIONS P. 3 II. HYPOTHESES/THEORIES P. 4 III. SAMPLING PROCEDURE P. 5 IV. COVER LETTER P. 6 V. QUESTIONNAIRE P. 7 VI. LITERATURE REVIEW P. 8 VII. DATA ANALYSIS P. 10 VIII. RESEARCH FINDINGS/CONCLUSION P. 18 IX. PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED P. 19 X. REFERENCE LIST P. 20 I. INTRODUCTION GOAL STATEMENT: To find out who suffers from rape incidents in the state of Connecticut. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Gender Race Age Knowing the identity of the perpetrator Educational Level RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What gender is sexually assaulted more often in the state of Connecticut? 2. What race is arrested more often for sexual assault in the state of Connecticut? 3. What is the age group of the majority of those being raped in the state of Connecticut? 4. Are most cases of sexual assault committed in Connecticut by a person known by the victim? 5. What is education level of those being sexually assaulted in the state of Connecticut? II. HYPOTHESES/THEORIES H1: FEMALES ARE SEXUALLY ASSUALTED MORE OFTEN THE MALES IN THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT. T1: The possible theory surrounding this hypothesis is because possibly men are more apt to act physically to fulfill their sexual urges then women, thus increasing...
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Statutory Rape Cases
...2 Cases Challenge Statutory Rape Law July 14, 1992|By Jim Runnels of The Sentinel Staff TAVARES — A circuit judge was asked Monday to strike down Florida's statutory rape law in two Lake County cases where the teens involved consented to sex. Circuit Judge Jerry Lockett said during a hearing Monday that he will rule in writing within 10 days and decide whether Florida's right-to-privacy law gives teens the right to have sex when they want and with whom they choose. Such a ruling would be a landmark decision in the state, because judges repeatedly - all the way back to a case heard by the Florida Supreme Court in 1901 - have ruled that consent is not a defense in statutory rape cases. Under current law, any person over the age of 18 who has sex with an unmarried person under the age of 16 can be charged with statutory rape. If the juvenile is over the age of 16 and is of ''previous chaste character'' - meaning a virgin - the same law applies. Statutory rape is a second-degree felony, punishable by up to 15 years in prison and a $10,000 fine. But in 1980, Florida voters approved Article 1, Section 23 of the Florida Constitution that says each person in the state ''has the right to be left alone and free from governmental intrusion into his private life.'' That didn't mean much until the case of a Lake County teen, identified publicly as T. W., reached the Florida Supreme Court in 1990. In that case, the teen wanted an abortion, and claimed that she alone - not her......
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...most students' careers when they are assigned a research paper. Such an assignment often creates a great deal of unneeded anxiety in the student, which may result in procrastination and a feeling of confusion and inadequacy. This anxiety frequently stems from the fact that many students are unfamiliar and inexperienced with this genre of writing. Never fear—inexperience and unfamiliarity are situations you can change through practice! Writing a research paper is an essential aspect of academics and should not be avoided on account of one's anxiety. In fact, the process of writing a research paper can be one of the more rewarding experiences one may encounter in academics. What is more, many students will continue to do research throughout their careers, which is one of the reasons this topic is so important. Becoming an experienced researcher and writer in any field or discipline takes a great deal of practice. There are few individuals for whom this process comes naturally. Remember, even the most seasoned academic veterans have had to learn how to write a research paper at some point in their career. Therefore, with diligence, organization, practice, a willingness to learn (and to make mistakes!), and, perhaps most important of all, patience, a student will find that she can achieve great things through her research and writing. This handout will include the following sections related to the process of writing a research paper: Genre- This section will provide an......
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...English 102— Research Paper Requirements and General Guidelines Dr. B. Bryant Office phone—671-6358 Office—Bldg. 1, room 119 E/ office 19 Research Paper due—May 2nd (Fri) 3:00 pm in my office It must contain copies of your research. 1. Your final paper needs to be 5-8 pages (not including “Works Consulted page”) in MLA format. NO PAPER UNDER 5 PAGES WILL BE ACCEPTED!!! 2. In your research folder—a folder that does not allow your research materials to fall out—you must have the following items: • Research Paper—11/25 • Rough Draft • Research proposal/outline due 4/24 for class time • COPIES OF YOUR RESEARCH! • Your paper must be sent to on safe assignment PLEASE NOTE: NO PAPER WILL BE ACCEPTED WITHOUT COPIES OF YOUR RESEACH! The paper will receive an F. 3. Research Materials—Included on your “Works Consulted” page, you must have at least 5 professional journal articles or books. You can have more; the research really depends on your topic. Also the research papers I gave you count as a source and Loot. 4. The journal articles can come from the internet, but make sure the article is a professional article with a thesis/research, not a general informational page. All internet articles must be cited as an internet source. You can use the museum websites and YouTube. 5. For books and articles in books, you must copy the title page, copyright page, table of contents and the......
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...Name: Course: Lecturer: Date: Are Statutory Rape Laws Patronizing To Girls and Discriminatory To Boys Cover letter The purpose of the essay was to show that there is discrimination in the statutory laws where the boys are the ones who suffer. When there is sex between two teenagers below the age of 16, the girl I protected while the boy is charged. Charging the boy alone while they are both supposed to be protected by the same law is discriminatory. The essay seeks to show this using the case of a 14-year-old boy and three girls. From completing the topic, I learn more about statutory rape and the legal age of consent to sex. I learnt that statutory rape was initially meant for protecting girls from older male advances. However, with the advocacy of equal rights for both sexes, all children must be protected. During the research, I encountered several problems especially with finding relevant sources for information. Most scholarly articles addressed statutory laws without considering discrimination of boys. Therefore, finding the relation between statutory rape and discrimination of boys was challenging. Additionally it was hard to find materials relating to young boys since most statutory rape cases focused on older mature offenders with minors. I enjoyed learning about the statutory law and its consideration for boys in the current are. In addition, I enjoyed learning about the arguments posed by both sides, despite supporting the claim that it......
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Research Paper About a Research Paper
...Research Paper about a Research Paper Name place Professor 05/22/11 Research Paper about a Research Paper Research is a way to formulate questions and ideas used to solve a give problem using of all sorts of sources to collect information that would generate a solution. Research in the simplest form could be presented as; my computer keeps rebooting. The research focus could involve looking threw the internet to find web help that addresses the same issue or finding a business that specialize in computer repair by doing a query for computer repair from online in your area or looking threw the phone book. In this instance, someone has prepared both sources with the intention to help find the answer from documented information (Booth, Colomb & Williams, 2008). Over centuries information and been collected in libraries all the information desired. The information age yielding the internet that contains information collected by others for others to answer questions and develop new questions, and find answers. Research papers are also used as a primary form of learning that begins in elementary school and used all threw college and beyond. Carriers have been built for the purpose of conducting research and writing research papers by teachers, scientists, writers, historians, lawyers, engineers – list is goes on. Educators have established the fact that formal research can be a tool used for learning, thinking and understanding......
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...Research Paper When you look at the different states, the majority of them have the same laws for age of consent, but a few of them are different. The purpose of me researching this is because I have family members that is a Defendant of statutory rape, but in reality he is the victim. I believe he is the victim because he is the one having to sit in prison and waste his life away because of the laws in Washington State, while the Victim is out living her life and not being affected at all. The legal definition of statutory rape is: “Statutory rape generally refers to sex with a person who is under an age specified by statute. At this point, most state laws call it something else.” This particular case was reported on the twentieth day of the second month in the year of 2008. He was sentenced on the seventeenth day of the third month in the year of 2008, almost a month after sitting in the county jail. He was charged with Rape of a Child Second Degree, in Washington state this means, “A person is guilty of rape of a child in the second degree when the person has sexual intercourse with another who is at least twelve years old but less than fourteen years old and not married to the perpetrator and the perpetrator is at least thirty-six months older than the victim.” If you look at both sides of the case (Victim vs. Defendant) you might ask your self, “How does this case affect both the victim and their (in this case a girl) family, and the defendant and their (in this......
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...from the recessionary period, to ride the rising curve of Indian growth story. While we intend to retain the ‘old is gold’, we are fully conscious to grab the new business opportunities that synthesize well with the growth pattern of the Indian economy. Year 2009-10 was indeed a fruitful year as we achieved an overall 23% net revenue growth. Our total volume stood at 14.6 mn c/s. Our brands like Magic Moments Vodka, 8 PM Whisky and Old Admiral Brandy were top earners and our new brand last year, Morpheus, struck a chord with our esteemed consumers. I assure you that your company will continue to gain significant market share in the Brown Spirits and the fastest growing White Spirits segments in the premium and super premium categories. Research backed innovative product launches along with meeting the growing aspirations of the young will remain our main focus for the times to come. We have launched two brands in whisky segment i.e. “After Dark and Eagles Dare”. Though the new initiatives may take time to come into fruition, success once achieved will be abundant for all of us to share together. As always, we shall remain committed to working towards the overall aim of adding value to the stake of every stakeholder, be it shareholders, lenders, creditors, business partners or staff. While we need your support in our new endeavors, I take this opportunity to wish all our stakeholders and associates the best of luck in the year 2010-11 and ever after. I wish them all the......
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...children: A case study of Mathare a suburb of Nairobi BY JAMES NYANJWA SW/02/10 A research proposal submitted to the department of sociology and psychology for the requirements of the Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Work MOI UNIVERSITY 4TH NOVEMBER, 2013 DECLARATION AND RECOMMENDATION Declaration by candidate I hereby declare that the work presented in this research proposal is my own work Citation from other information sources is given where applicable. No part of this document is to be reproduced in any other form, be it print or electronic without permission from the copyright holder Name……………………….Sig……………….date…………………. Recommendation by Supervisor This proposal has been submitted with my approval as the Departmental supervisor Name………………….Sig……………….Date…………… DEDICATION This work is dedicated to my beloved brothers Victor Onyuka and Philip Ogola without whose caring and financial support it would not have been possible and I would also like to dedicate this work to the memory of my parents, my loving dad Joseph Onyuka and caring moms Pamela Anyango and BeldineAoko who passed on the love of reading and respect for education. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Dr. Masinde for impacting us with knowledge on research proposal. I want to thank most profoundly Mrs. Adeli for her guidance on the relevance materials needed in writing research proposal. It is my hope that all families and institution of foster care will......
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Research & Terminology Research Paper
... Research is defined as "studious inquiry or examination; especially : investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws" ("Research," 2012). It's said that research is one of the most important processes in the field of criminal justice. There are many ways to complete research which can cause the process of research to take the most time. This paper will discuss the different methods and the different terminology that is used in the criminal justice system. There are two common methods that are used in the criminal justice system and they are the qualitative and quantitative methods. As part of the readings, it was determined that there are so many different methods for researching. However, some of these research methods have never been heard of or people don't know anything about them. There are several steps that would need to be taken in order to complete the entire research cycle. The first term that will be discussed is Scientific Research, which means it's the "research into questions posed by scientific theories and hypothesis" ("Scientific Research," 2011). The most common research method that is used today is the scientific research method, which is used highly in the criminal justice system. Just about every aspect of the criminal justice system revolves around science. Doing......
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Law's Limits: Regulating Statutory Rape Law
61 PagesPosted: 16 May 2013
Date Written: May 15, 2013
This Article examines statutory rape cases of the last decade and submits that both the apparatus to police sexual violence against minors — statutory rape laws — as well as their application against consenting minors create legally untenable, absurd results that frequently impose legal and extralegal burdens on minors that may exceed that of adult, convicted rapists. No coherent framework has been offered by a politician that responds pragmatically to the empirical realities of adolescent sexuality. Neither federal nor state legislatures offer a coherent, well-articulated approach to militate against the harshest criminal punishments demanded by statutory rape provisions. Indeed, judges interpret and enforce statutory rape cases in a manner that entrenches stereotypes and biases. On the other hand, few scholars wrestle with the broader contemporary applications of statutory rape law despite recent decades of absurd results and disproportionately harsh penalties against teens. The Article offers two novel ways forward to address teen sex and statutory rape.
Keywords: Crime, Rape, Statutory rape, Sexual predatory, Adolescents, Teens, Sex, Pregnancy, Abstinence, Punishment, Cruel and Unusual, Race, Gender
JEL Classification: H59, K14, K4, K40, K42, K49, I3, I31, J7, J71, J78, K32
Suggested Citation:Suggested Citation
Goodwin, Michele, Law's Limits: Regulating Statutory Rape Law (May 15, 2013). Wisconsin Law Review, 2013; Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 13-23. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2265567
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