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Folktale Essays

The Genre Of Folktales Essay

Introduction:
Folktales are stories told from generation to generation. They are usually fiction stories. Each story focuses on traditions of a culture or group. A folktale is part of an oral tradition. It’s a tale or legend that originates around a certain group. The original story of Santa Claus (Saint Nicholas) is a folktale I’ve heard before. A folktale can be made up by anyone, like the one about “Bloody Mary.” If you say “Bloody Mary” multiple times facing a mirror in pitch-blackness, an evil biblical character will come out of the mirror and kill you.
I’m writing this paper because stories impact our lives everyday. Stories give us life advice and tell us morals. We tell stories everyday to tell others about our lives. Stories aren’t just in writing, but also in out words. They are passed down through generations either for a message or for our entertainment. Stories have impacted me by telling me more about my grandmother. I never got to meet her, but through the stories my dad or grandfather tell me, she lives on. Stories are the way you become immortal. Once a story is created, it can be told many more times. In this way, someone can live forever.

The Search:
If I could go back to the day where our class chose our genres, I would have chosen another one without a doubt. Finding information about folktales was definitely a harder task than finding info about fairytales or fables. On the first day of researching in our media center, I used an online encyclopedia to find out the basic structures behind a folktale. As easy as that sounds, it took me a while to finally find an article with useful information. When it came time to read a few folktales I was ecstatic. But once I started reading some, I realized I didn’t understand the meaning of a mnemonic device. Mr. Boardman was there to save the day! He explained to me how a mnemonic device is when a word/words is used in a way that helps you remember it better than its original form. For example: the name “Teach’s Hole” is used to address a location in the story Blackbeard’s Ghost. The author of this story repetitively calls Blackbeard’s hideaway “Teach’s Hole” to show importance and to help readers remember the name. The best part of all my research was interviewing my grandfather. We sat next to a fire on a cold winter night talking for a good few hours about folktales of Denmark. Besides all of the questions I made up for him to answer, he had lots of other input.

The Find:
Folktales are passed down through generations to explain why things happen, to pass along good morals, or to just tell a story. The line between belief and unbelief of folktales varies from culture to culture/person to person (“Folk Literature,” par.1). Even though folktales are told to be true stories, some include fictitious characters or events. In the story I read titled “Sasquatch”, a skeptical hiker doesn’t believe his buddy spots a Sasquatch…until he comes face to face with it himself. The Sasquatch is a...

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Dream.

Dream Bread. Tales of type 1626.

  1. The Three Dreams (Petrus Alphonsi).
  2. The Three Travelers (The Masnavi).
  3. Jesus, Peter, and Judas (The Toledot Yeshu).
  4. Of the Deceits of the Devil (Gesta Romanorum).
  5. Comical History of Three Dreamers. (Spain).
  6. The "Dream-Bread" Story Once More (USA).
  7. The Three Travelers and the Load (W. A. Clouston).

Dream Treasure Turns to Filth. Tales of type 1645b.

  1. A Man Who Found Gold During His Sleep (Poggio Bracciolini).
  2. The Hodja Dreams That He Had Found a Treasure (Attributed to Nasreddin Hodja).

The Man Who Became Rich through a Dream and other tales of type 1645 in which dreamers seek treasure abroad but find it at home.

  1. The Ruined Man Who Became Rich Again Through a Dream (The 1001 Nights).
  2. A Man of Baghdad (Persia).
  3. Numan's Dream (Turkey).
  4. How the Junkman Traveled to Find treasure in His Own Yard (Turkey).
  5. The Peddler of Swaffham (England).
  6. The Swaffham Legend (England).
  7. A Cobbler in Somersetshire (England).
  8. Upsall Castle (England).
  9. Dundonald Castle (Scotland).
  10. Themselves (Isle of Man).
  11. Dreaming Tim Jarvis (Ireland).
  12. The Dream of Treasure under the Bridge at Limerick (Ireland).
  13. The Dream of the Treasure on the Bridge (Germany).
  14. The Dream of Treasure (Austria).
  15. The Dream of the Zirl Bridge (Austria).
  16. The Church at Erritsø (Denmark).